Henry Hill is a British Conservative and Unionist activist, and author of the blog Dilettante. Follow Henry on Twitter. He is also editor of the non-party website Open Unionism, which can be followed on Twitter here.
years after what the BBC dubbed “Northern Ireland’s single worst terrorist
pair of Republicans were found liable in a civil court for the 1998 Omagh
Murphy and Seamus Daly, who declined to appear at the trial, are now being
pursued for damages by relatives of the bomb’s victims, and along with two
other former members of the Real IRA have been ordered to pay damages of £1.6
coming in the same week that the parents of a young boy murdered by another
Republican bomb addressed the Northern Ireland Assembly,
provides a jarring reminder for a mainland reader about how strong the legacy
of the Troubles still is in the province.
me, with an Irish family but too young to remember the Troubles, it’s also a
weird reminder of just how long they lasted. Grainy footage of soldiers and
smoke from the 1970s, or Margaret Thatcher defiantly addressing the party
conference after evading the Brighton Bomb, is history for me, and I was only
vaguely aware of John Major’s premiership. But 1998, coming as it does during
the reign of Tony Blair, seems uncomfortably proximate, and for someone more
familiar with the daily dysfunctions of modern Ulster politics, this conviction
serves as a timely reminders of how far Northern Ireland has come.
been have-your-cake-and-eat-it week at the Silk Commission on Welsh devolution,
as they received the official submission of the Church in Wales.
The Church’s position, like so many other bilateral devolution proposals, takes
two strands, which are as follows.
Wales needs to have More Powers. Of course it does – only an anti-Welsh fascist
would propose anything else. So they call for the devolution of policing and
justice and, following the ‘bedroom tax’, more social welfare (because if
Westminster passes an unpopular law, that area must be devolved). They also want to end the “anomalous” setup of
the Welsh civil service, which remains accountable to Whitehall. There is also
talk, again, of increasing the number of AMs and adopting a “reserved powers”
all of this must have absolutely no downside for Wales, which informs the
second strand of the Church’s position, which is summed up in a single, hard to
believe sentence: “Devolution should not, under any circumstances, lead to more
fragmentation of the United Kingdom or insularity within it.” This strikes me
as rather baffling, since devolution is
the process of fragmenting the UK and creating insular political cultures
within devolved areas (or ‘separate political lives’, as the Liberal Democrats
Church argue that devolution should not adversely impact “Welsh influence on
the UK”, apparently without realising that influence is a two-way street and
that Welsh influence on the UK is only just to the extent that there is
matching UK influence on Wales. The more that UK-level decision making is
side-lined in Wales, the more Wales can expect to be side-lined in UK decision
making. And the Church clearly has a very narrow view of what decisions ought
to be taken by the British as the British, listing only “defence (where there
is concern over the use of Wales for basing nuclear submarines and testing
drones), foreign policy, energy generation (given the critical position in
Wales of nuclear power, wind power, the Severn Barrage) and the block grant”,
which leaves British union sounding like not much more of an actual country
than the European one.
they demonstrate the same flaw of other bilateral devoluntionaries in that they
simply take the view of what is best for their chosen polity (Wales) without a
British perspective. For example, the Church maintain that even if the number
of AMs goes up, and the amount of policy devolved to Cardiff increases, there
must be no reduction in the number of Welsh MPs, despite such a reduction being
at once efficient, just and logical. It might not be good for the Union – Plaid
are always quick to mention this as the obvious corollary of increasing the
size of the Assembly – but ducking difficult constitutional questions is what led
to the West Lothian Question, and is a guarantee of future misery.
of those ‘separate political lives’, it is not just Wales that has been getting
a taste of the Liberal Democrat’s federalism this week. Scotland is already
familiar with it, since the party
unveiled plans for ”Home Rule” last year, and leader Willie Rennie is the latest to try and cast a ‘No’ vote
as simply being ‘Yes to more powers’– an outcome which Better Together expended a lot of energy getting a
two-question referendum precisely to avoid.
it took an fresh twist when politicians from the Northern and Western Isles of
Scotland announced that they were looking at fomenting a new separatist vision
all of their very own. The idea, outlined here in the Guardian, would be for the remote island groups to gain
their own devolution settlements, perhaps even becoming Crown Dependencies or
British Overseas Territories (although this would require leaving the Union).
Liberal Democrat MSP for Shetland has come up with the slogan “It’s wir oil” to front his claim that the islands should have a right to self-determination
distinct from that of Scotland as a whole. This isn’t an entirely new idea. It
certainly hasn’t gone unmentioned before that with “two thirds of the North Sea
and west of Shetland reserves … in Shetland coastal waters”, the Northern Isles
could make a pretty good fist of being a cold, rainy version of a Gulf oil
northern self-determination could see them taking the loyal option and remaining in the UK.
The islands do after all have a track record of opposition to nationalism,
opposing the establishment of a Scottish Assembly in 1979, securing an opt-out
clause from that referendum were the rest of Scotland to vote yes, and voting
against being part of an independent Scotland in in a pre-1979 poll by a
whopping nine-to-one margin.
SNP, unsurprisingly, are no keener self-determination for constituent parts of
their country than most Irish nationalists were a century before, and offer
very similar justifications: Nicola Sturgeon angered Shetlanders by declaring
the islands “not a nation”. However, they might not have to worry. According to a Shetland newspaper,
there is no longer a “no equivalent of the SNP in Shetland, no cohesive and
organised group which might be able to push people into positions of power on
the council advocating that Shetland (and indeed Orkney) should go it alone as
there was in the 1970s and 1980s” – a small but happy reminder, in the face of
all this federalist defeatism, that separatist movements can be beaten.
In a long referendum battle, it is almost
inevitable that we will see both sides advance seriously suspect arguments from
time to time. But I’ve not yet come across one quite as bizarre as the notion
that “an independent Scotland would allow us to drink less and smoke less” (hat-tip to British Unity). I
don’t know whether Ms Koepplinger really thinks the psychic stress of the Union
is driving Scots to alcohol and tobacco, or whether she means that a separate
Scottish government will be able to pursue draconian anti-smoking and
anti-drinking legislation undreamed off in distant, decadent London, but I
don’t think the Yes Scotland advisory board comes off brilliantly in either