There are three main factors at work – genetics, plus cultural and social factors. And it’s not possible at present to disentangle the mix.
Collecting statistics on people’s self-identified racial background is one thing. Having ringfenced funding for one racial group is quite another.
Postmodernism strips the likes of Shamima Begum of personal responsibility and judges her solely by ethnicity, religion and class.
It is a sad and all-too-obvious fact that most of the decision makers I meet in my role as Mayor are people who look like me.
We are more complex than identitarians give us credit for. No combination of characteristics, experiences and choices are the same; and there are as many combinations as there are people.
In an atmosphere when anyone can close down the conversation by saying “I feel uncomfortable”, rational discussion becomes impossible.
Johnson’s critics who accuse him of Islamophobia are either confused or disingenuous. Their tactics harm mainstream Muslims.
The sooner we deal with our Party’s past, however difficult, the easier it will be to drive out the hatred emerging on the Left today.
But some, perhaps many, Tory MPs have these tendencies – including one no less senior than the Prime Minister herself.
“I am announcing new dedicated team that will be set up to help these people evidence their right to be here.”
“It is inhumane and cruel for so many of that generation to have suffered for so long in this condition.”
Across this half-century, from Scarman after Brixton to MacPherson after Stephen Lawrence, governments have engaged only sporadically engaged with race.
We feel a commission, a working group, an inquiry coming in – to look these inconsistencies, accidents of history and quirks, to see if some tidying-up is required.
Afua Hirsch recounts her inability, as a person of mixed race, to feel she truly belongs in either Britain or Ghana.
There are electoral opportunities in binding whole groups to a party based on collective identity – but what happens when those groups come into conflict?