Margot James resigned as a minister following her rebellion. Meanwhile, the Chancellor joined Gauke and Clark in failing to support the Government.
There are now 15 independents, plus the Change UK factions and a smattering of pro-Brexit rebel Labour MPs.
The Government won by 11 votes, 298 to 309, in a setback for Letwin – though the result doesn’t guarantee No Deal any more than a vote the other way would barred it.
‘Liberal democracy’ is not an inevitable combination. Nor, it seems, is it necessarily a sustainable one.
Progressive commentators and saloon-bar orators are wrong to condemn MPs for finding the national issue hard to settle.
Harmony reigned as he denied being a revolutionary.
The amendment was seen off by 314-312, so the six votes from the Opposition benches made all the difference.
“There was no mention whatsoever of any infrastructure, any hard border” in Dublin’s preparations for a WTO Brexit.
The amendment passed by 317 to 301 – and seven Labour MPs rebelled to back it.
The role of these MPs in pro-Leave seats abstaining on or voting against the Cooper amendment in defiance of the whip was crucial.
Farage urged everyone to prepare for a second referendum, and concluded: “Next time, as far as I’m concerned, it’s no more Mr Nice Guy.”
The Government is suggesting that it will make little difference in practical terms – but opposed it for symbolic and political reasons.
“Canada Plus Plus would be very good but in the meantime, [we can] get out without paying the £39 billion.”
The presence of four Labour Leavers helped the UK to avoid a customs union – but their absence on a more minor amendment produced a Government defeat.
Does the narrowness of the win signal further problems to come, or has the Government headed off the revolt?