Stuart is the MP for Beverley and Holderness, and the Chairman of the Education
Select Committee. Follow Graham on Twitter.
Today, north-west England is being hit
by a teaching strike called by Britain’s two largest teaching unions, the
National Union of Teachers and the NASUWT. Over 2500 schools will be affected in
22 local council areas across Cheshire, Lancashire and Merseyside. This is the
first in a series of regional strikes that the unions plan to hold between now and the
autumn half-term, culminating in a planned national strike before
Christmas. These walkouts will cause
enormous disruption for both pupils and parents, as lessons are cancelled and
schools are closed.
The unions are protesting about reforms to
their pay, pensions and working conditions.
The NASUWT’s general secretary, Chris Keates, warns of a “relentless
attack” on her profession. But do these
claims really hold water?
It is time to look at the facts. Take pay.
Understandably, the unions protest about pay restraint. Yet, the OECD has revealed English secondary
school teachers are paid 9 per cent more than similarly educated workers in other
professions. Meanwhile, official
statistics show that in the first three months of this year, public sector pay
rose by 1.4 per cent – whereas private sector pay did not rise at all. This comes against a backdrop of the
Institute for Fiscal Studies calculating that public sector pay is on average
8.3 per cent higher than pay in the private sector.
During what is a difficult time for people in all walks of life, teachers
don’t have it so bad.
Next, take pensions. The cost of public sector pensions has risen
by a third over the last decade, to around £32 billion. This is being driven by rapid increases in
life expectancy – every four years, this
rises by a year. People can now expect
to spend 40-45 per cent of their adult lives in retirement, compared to 33 per cent in the
1980s. It’s great that people are living longer. However, for the system to cope, it is only
sensible people should both save more and retire a little later.
has taken care to ensure its reforms are fair: those on low pay and those close
to retirement are not facing any changes.
Meanwhile, teachers will continue to get a great deal. Even after the changes, the Pensions Policy
Institute recently calculated that contributions to the teachers' pension
scheme will be worth twice as much as a percentage of their salary as those the
average private sector worker receives from their employer under a defined
Finally, working conditions. Ministers are committed to raising the status
of the profession. Teachers now have
greater powers to crack down on bad behaviour in the classroom – and are
protected against malicious allegations by new rules guaranteeing anonymity
unless and until charges are brought. The
Government is providing funding to triple the size of the Teach First scheme,
to get more high quality graduates into challenging schools.
Crucially, it is permitting
performance-related pay, to allow schools to reward and retain their best
staff. Making this work will not
necessarily be easy – but for the unions to oppose the principle that
exceptional work should ever be rewarded would appear peculiar to people working in most other
professions. The unions, however, may be
right to suggest that there is some inconsistency in allowing academies to hire
teachers with no qualifications, while at the same time restricting funding for
the PGCE to those with 2:2 degrees or better.
Still, there is more for teachers to welcome than to fear about these
Most people find militancy by the teaching
unions hard to understand. Polling by
YouGov in February found only 32 per cent of people would support teachers striking
over the introduction of performance-related pay (with 53 per cent opposed). This mirrored the numbers that YouGov found would
support strike action by teachers over the wider question of their pay and
conditions when the company polled on this last summer.
This lack of public support is reflected in
the weak mandate that the unions have from their members. Although 83 per cent of those voting in the NUT ballot
backed strike action, low turnout meant only 22 per cent of their members actually voted
to strike, or just over 50,000 from a total membership of 228,831. Likewise, just 33 per cent of NASUWT members voted
for the strikes. This may reflect weariness
among union members, tiring of their leadership’s grandstanding after a series
of strikes in recent years.
The teaching unions themselves are disunited. Mary Bousted, the general secretary of the
third-largest teachers’ union, the ATL, has warned: “we don’t live in a fantasy
union world where you can reject a deal with impunity”. Regarding the coming set of strikes, she says,
“we don’t have any evidence this is what [our members] require.”
Yet, sadly, the leadership of the NUT and the
NASUWT seem determined to have a fight.
They appear not to share their members’ concerns about the consequences of
losing pay in order to strike. Cynics
would point out that the NUT's Christine Blower receives one of the most generous pay and
pension packages of any trade union leader, worth £142,000, while Chris Keates
is not far behind on almost £130,000. I
fear Mrs Blower – who says her politics “are to the left of Old Labour” – has
stumbled into a political stand-off against a reforming Government she
say generals always prepare for the last war. Some teachers’ leaders seem to want to refight
the battles of the 1980s. Teachers
considering strike action in the months ahead should question whose values they
are being asked to fight for. Are they
fighting for a profession that is financially sustainable, rewards success and
enjoys higher public standing? Or are
they fighting for a narrow, sectional interest, and an agenda that is both hostile
to reform and deeply unaffordable? In
short, are they fighting for their ideals – or someone else’s ideology?