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Rutley DavidDavid Rutley is the Member of Parliament for Macclesfield, Damian Green’s PPS, and a member of the Free Enterprise Group.
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The growth in the number of self-employed is, perhaps, one of the major demographic shifts in Britain that is not fully appreciated politically.  According to the Office for National Statistics' seasonal Labour Market data, of the latest 24,000 increase in the number of people in employment, 21,000 are self-employed. This rapidly growing constituency now accounts for 4 million people, some 14 per cent of all those in employment. For the Conservative Party, which is rightly backing peole who want to work hard and get on in life, it is a trend that can't go unmissed.

So, who are
the self-employed, what motivates them and how can we gain greater support from
their ranks?

The majority
of the UK’s 4.8 million businesses – some 56 per cent – are sole proprietors with no
employees.  Here be few dragons!  The reality is that most self-employed people
are everyday entrepreneurs, street-level small businesses and office-share operators.  Our high-flying, multinational entrepreneurs
are, of course, to be congratulated and should be rewarded for their
success.  But we shouldn’t lose sight of
the fact that the most prolific source of self-employment is driving a cab,
followed by such professions as being a carpenter or other such skilled
building tradesperson.  At the moment,
self-employment is more common for men and for older people.  But the dynamics are changing. 

The number
of women in self-employment is rising fast. 
In Macclesfield, the constituency I represent, the percentage of women
in self-employment is the highest in the north-west.  And the number of young people across the country who want to run their own
business is high.  One survey suggests that up to 70 per cent have at least the ambition
to set up their own enterprise while the Prince’s Trust has found that up to
thirty per cent of young people actively expect to be self-employed.  A YouGov poll has found that 43 per cent of young
people have already made money from entrepreneurial activity such as selling
their own product or working on a freelance basis. 


So we need to ensure that the ambition to be self-employed is enabled,
not thwarted, by the state.  Digital
technology has opened up self-employment, and the option to work from home,
close to family, to more people than ever before.  We need to be on the side of those who choose
this option, those who, yes, work hard and want to get on. But having
identified this growing constituency of voters, how do we more fully attract
their support to our cause?  How do we
turn everyday entrepreneurs into everyday Conservatives?

Crucially,
we should not take for granted that “self-employed” automatically means “Conservative-voting”.  Indeed, among some BME communities that have not
traditionally voted Conservative, self-employment is well above the national
average.  A recent report for the
Scottish Government found that around a third of economically active Scots of
Pakistani heritage are self-employed.  Despite
shared values around enterprise and entrepreneurialism, this is a group that
has not historically been known for its Conservative leanings.  A stronger focus on championing the
self-employed will help change perceptions of our party among those groups we need
to do better in reaching. 

Laudably,
the government is already doing much to assist in this task.  By introducing a new employment allowance,
for example, it will help encourage the self-employed to become employers by
slashing the cost of National Insurance. 
Meanwhile, the New Enterprise Allowance (with Levi Roots as an
ambassador) seeks to encourage longer-term unemployment into
self-employment.  Furthermore, the
government is taking deregulation seriously. 
The three-year moratorium on new regulations for small businesses is also
hugely welcome.

But as Lord
Young has rightly argued, there are wider issues of culture and communication
still to address. Communications with the self employed should more fully
emphasize the assistance available, not the demands that can act as a psychological
closed door to growing a business. Creating an aspiration nation means ensuring
that the road to running your own business is a clearly signposted fast lane,
not Labour’s minefield of forms, box ticking and regulations.

There are
international lessons too.  Our Canadian
cousins have been refining messages and policies for the self-employed for
several years, passing a hugely symbolic Fairness for the Self-Employed Act in
2009 to provide opt-in insurance benefits, and pursuing schemes to help the
unemployed into the dignity of viable self-employment.  In the months ahead, no doubt, the new Policy
Board will be keen to learn from case studies like these.  

The good
news for us, as in so many other areas of economic policy, is that Labour
doesn’t get it. Like their union paymasters, they bemoan growth in
self-employment in the labour market.  All
too often, they believe that the self-employed are not in “proper” jobs. Yet,
as Lord Young has found, the evidence suggests that most of the self-employed
are not pushed into it by necessity but pulled by desire.  As Conservatives, we need to stand up for the
self-employed and their decision to work their own way in a flexible and
dynamic market economy.

With the
next election less than two years away, now is the time to celebrate and
encourage our everyday entrepreneurs and think big about our smallest
businesses.  Fundamentally, we
Conservatives should continue to recognise that the self-employed are a
valuable target constituency in a wide and diverse conservative coalition.  There is a real opportunity to refine and
target our policy platform – and, crucially, our communications – in the
self-employed’s direction: by their side, on their side, across communities,
across the country.

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